Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi ARENA DI VERONA FESTIVAL LIRICO 2017
NABUCCO (Opera in 4 acts - Music by Giuseppe Verdi - Libretto by Temistocle Solera)
Nabucco is a 4 Act drama of mid-nineteenth Century with Giuseppe Verdi's musics.
The entire title of the Opera should have originally been "Nabucodonosor" but, since the title was divided in two on the poster, highlighting then the first line, and since Verdi himself always used the
abbreviated form, the short title we use today went down in history.
This composition was the third Opera by Verdi and the first to achieve a great success, both in the fist on March 9th 1842 in Scala von Miland and also during the many other representations, that were held
until the end of the same year.
The drafting of the libretto can be attributed to Temistocle Solera, who was inspired by the Bible and especially by the episode of Giuda Kingdom's invasion by Babylonian King Nabucodonosor, during which
the Temple of Jerusalem was sacked and conquered were deported in Babylon.
Despite the historical basis, Solera introduced in his libretto many characters and plots inspired by other sources like the drama
"Nabucodonosor" of Auguste Anicet-Bourgeois Cornu.
Furthermore the love of Abigaille for Ismael doesn't find aby support even amoung those sources and it is therefore thought to have been entirely invented by Solera.
The libretto was proposed to Verdi during a very oxen time of his life; he had recently suffered his wife's Margherita Barezzi and his children's Virginia and Icino's losses and his last representation
"Un giorno di Regno" was a complete failure.
Only Nabucco's story wad thus able to excite Verdi, to allow his in composing again.